Today marks a very important day for United Kingdom. Scots are voting on whether to remain in the 307 year old union or secede. This comes as one of the most important decisions ever for Scots to ever make. In fact, the vote has divided families, friends and even lovers.
Campaigners of both sides have advised their ‘constituents’ to take the moment and make a landmark decision whose memories will last for decades.
The question in the referendum is: Should Scotland be an independent country? The options are two: Yes or No.
Scotland has more than 5.3 million people and according to polls, there is no consensus as to whether most of them will want to secede.
In recent polls carried by major pollsters such as: Opinium, ICM and YouGov, less than 50% of all people polled say that they are against the independence.
People from the remote areas of Atlantic to the affluent areas are lining to make the decision that will probably change their lives.
As with any other referendum, there are 2 extreme sides. One, the proponents of independents say that time had come for Scots to make their own decisions and elect their own leaders. Those who support the union have the opinion that Scots are better placed to make independent decisions of they have the union on their side.
Ireland was the last country to break up with the union a century ago.
Prime Minister David Cameron has in the past championed the rights of a ‘better together’ United Kingdom. He has cancelled important international meetings to campaign against the separationists.
He has also cautioned Scots not to follow the path of the opposition labour party whose leaders have campaigned vigorously for the separation. Cameron warns that the gains that Scots have achieved in the past could be watered down if they go the separation way. Labour party won 41 seats in the 2010 elections.
Supporters of the union received a major boost from the former Prime Minister, Gordon Brown who has advised them to vote against independence. He believes that Scots rights are better if they remain together with the Union rather than go their separate ways. He also cautioned them against following advice of politicians who don’t have their interests at heart.
If the independence vote goes through, the two countries will hold talks for 18 months on how to share key resources such as the North Sea Oil and the Britain’s submarine base. Another major issue to be discussed will be on the membership of the European Union.
Scots argue that they will continue using the pound after separation. On its own, London has ruled out any chances for currency union.
Another main issue facing the two countries is on the markets. Financial experts argue that if there is separation, the markets will fall in fear of political intolerance.
United States, the main partner of United Kingdom on international matters has advised the union to remain strong together. Experts fear that this could trigger secessions in other countries.